• Pull together everyone in your household and make a plan. Walk through your home and inspect all
    possible exits and escape routes.  Households with children should consider drawing a floor plan of your
    home, marking two ways out of each room, including windows and doors. Also, mark the location of each
    smoke alarm. For easy planning, download NFPA’s escape planning grid (PDF). This is a great way to get
    children involved in fire safety in a non-threatening way.
  • A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat and fire. Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room,
    outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home. NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code®
    requires interconnected smoke alarms throughout the home. When one sounds, they all sound.
  • Everyone in the household must understand the escape plan. When you walk through your plan, check to
    make sure the escape routes are clear and doors and windows can be opened easily.
  • Choose an outside meeting place (i.e. neighbor’s house, a light post, mailbox, or stop sign) a safe
    distance in front of your home where everyone can meet after they’ve escaped. Make sure to mark the
    location of the meeting place on your escape plan.
  • Go outside to see if your street number is clearly visible from the road. If not, paint it on the curb or install
    house numbers to ensure that responding emergency personnel can find your home.
  • Have everyone memorize the emergency phone number of the fire department. That way any member of
    the household can call from a neighbor’s home or a cellular phone once safely outside.
  • If there are infants, older adults, or family members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is
    assigned to assist them in the fire drill and in the event of an emergency. Assign a backup person too, in
    case the designee is not home during the emergency.
  • If windows or doors in your home have security bars, make sure that the bars have emergency release
    devices inside so that they can be opened immediately in an emergency. Emergency release devices
    won’t compromise your security – but they will increase your chances of safely escaping a home fire.
  • Tell guests or visitors to your home about your family’s fire escape plan. When staying overnight at other
    people’s homes, ask about their escape plan. If they don’t have a plan in place, offer to help them make
    one. This is especially important when children are permitted to attend “sleepovers”; at friends’; homes.
    See NFPA’s “Sleepover fire safety for kids” fact sheet.
  • Be fully prepared for a real fire: when a smoke alarm sounds, get out immediately. Residents of high-rise
    and apartment buildings may be safer “defending in place”.
  • Once you’re out, stay out! Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building. If
    someone is missing, inform the fire department dispatcher when you call. Firefighters have the skills and
    equipment to perform rescues.
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